Engima Machine | World War 2 Cryptomachine | Engima Machine Explained

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During any War communication between the frontline and the office is very important. The communication which is shared between the center and the battle force is mostly cryptic so that if the message enters the enemy hand it should be difficult for them to decipher. The same technology was used during second world war by Nazi Germany to communicate between headquarter and front line. The machine actually looks like a typewriter but it is electronically sophisticated cypher machine. The Enigma Machine was used by the German Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe during World War II to encode orders and instructions, using a complex system of rotors and patch cables. The German High Command believed the Enigma cipher to be totally secure. British cryptographers at Bletchley Park under Alan Turing were able to break it, giving Britain and its allies a huge military advantage that may have shortened the War by as much as two years Typical Enigma machine has four components. Rotor, Lamp board, Keyboard and a Plug board. The rotors form the heart of an Enigma machine. Each rotor is a disc approximately 10 centi meter in diameter made from Bakelite with 26 brass, spring-loaded, electrical contact pins arranged in a circle on one face, with the other face housing 26 corresponding electrical contacts in the form of circular plates. The pins and contacts represent the alphabet — typically the 26 letters A–Z, as will be assumed for the rest of this description. When the rotors are mounted side-by-side on the spindle, the pins of one rotor rest against the plate contacts of the neighboring rotor, forming an electrical connection. Inside the body of the rotor, 26 wires connect each pin on one side to a contact on the other in a complex pattern. Each Rotar position will determine the Encryption that happens to the alphabet typed. The keyboard is a place where you type the message to be encoded and based on the rotor position the encrypted message will be typed or displayed on the Lamp board. The plugboard was positioned at the front of the machine, below the keys. When in use during World War II, there were ten connections. #Enigma #Enigmamachine #worldwar2 #worldwar #war #cryptography #communication

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